Here are some terms to get familiar with, before we dive into making a website.

HTML - HyperText Markup Language

HTML is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser. You can write your web application in any programming languages, but in the end it will always be transformed into HTML because that’s the language of the browser. It is a hierarchical language.

A short bit of history

HTML was developed at the CERN in Switzerland. Its inventor is Tim Berners-Lee. In 1980 he wrote his first hypertext system for personal use - the predecessor of HTML. With the first browser and server software the very young internet and HTML made their way to conquer the world. In 1992 two copies of a free web browser were downloaded from a computer at CERN to a computer in the USA. In 1995 the first Internet Explorer was published.

How about HTML5? What’s that?

This is just the latest version of HTML. There is a lot of interest about it, because it improves and adds many HTML elements, making it easier to write and to use.

CSS - Cascading Style Sheets

CSS is a language used for describing the look and formatting of a document written in a markup language. It is closely connected with HTML, since it gives style to HTML elements. In contrast to HTML, CSS has no hierarchy and can be written in the order that we choose.

CSS3 is the last released version of CSS, and it also improves CSS a lot. For example, it gives the possibility to animate an element.